2020 Biggest Weather Events
2020 saw MetService issue more than 300 Severe Weather Warnings issued over 50+ weather events. We’ve compiled five of the more notable events – from the first Red Warning for Heavy Rain to the upper North Island drought.
Starting with firsts, we have the extreme
heavy rain event for Fiordland, Westland and Southland that
led to MetService issuing our first Red Warning. The
impact-based colour coded warning system was introduced in
May of 2019 and Red Warnings are reserved for the most
impactful events which are likely to have major effects on
infrastructure and potential loss of life.
A Milford Sound station recorded over 1000mm of rain between midday Saturday 1 February and midnight Tuesday 4 February 2020. Another nearby Milford Sound station recorded 714mm over the same period, but we know that this weather station was affected by flooding, which stopped the tipping bucket rain gauge from operating for a time. Gore (Southland) recorded a whopping 152mm of rainfall in the same 84 hours, which is 180% of its normal February monthly rainfall total (85mm). The road into Milford Sound was shredded by the intense rainfall with rain rates exceeding 60mm an hour. A State of Emergency was declared on 4 February for Southland, including Fiordland and Gore. The Mataura River reached record levels, resulting in an evacuation of Gore township.
Continuing on the extreme wet vein we have
the Whangārei downpours from mid-July. After an extremely
dry summer there was a day where almost 100mm fell in a 24
hour period and just two days later 250mm fell over the same
duration. Rain rates in excess of 50mm per hour were
recorded at a few stations.
Flooding was seen across the Northland region affecting State Highway 1, water treatment plants and entering many homes and businesses in Whangārei.
A similar event, but even more localised,
was seen in Napier on the 9th of November. A line of very
heavy downpours formed almost directly over the city and was
ticking up large rainfall rates for hours on end. 230mm fell
in the CBD while just 5km away 130mm was recorded at the
airport in the same period.
Parts of the city were heavily affected by flooding and a State of Emergency was declared.
At the other end of the scale – long term
dry conditions saw the drought declared an ‘adverse
event’ by the Ministry for Primary Industries for North
Auckland and Northland on the 11th of February. This was
later classified as a ‘large-scale adverse event’
covering much of northern South Island, Chatham Islands and
the entire North Island. The dry run continued into winter
for many of the regions.
A station in Ruakura, Hamilton had its driest summer since records began in 1905 with just 91mm of rain. It was also the 2nd driest summer on record for Tauranga (88mm), in observations since 1898. It was the 2nd driest summer on record for Whangarei (70mm), in records since 1937. Only the drought of 1945/46 was drier (55mm). Many gauges in Auckland experienced the driest or 2nd driest summer on record.
The end of September saw an intense
low pressure system cross over the country bringing heavy
rain and strong winds to much of New Zealand. As the low
moved away to the east a very cold southerly airflow moved
up the South Island unlocking the potential for snow to fall
to low levels.
Snow settled at sea level around Stewart Island, Southland and even fell on the beaches of Dunedin City. As the cold air moved northwards snow fell at less common locations like Reefton and St Arnaud.
While this is not a comprehensive list here are some other notable weather events:
- Wellington South Coast Swell 15/04/20
- Christchurch Airport went 7 days with no recorded sunshine 29/06/20
- Auckland Harbour Bridge extreme wind gust 18/09/20
- Christchurch heatwave 17/11/20
- New Plymouth Flooding 25/11/20
- Plimmerton Flooding 29/11/20
- Kelburn, Wellington 2nd dimmest/wettest November on record
- Severe hail storm in Motueka 26/12/20
No doubt 2021 will have its fair share of adverse weather and we’ll be right alongside issuing the official Severe Weather information for all inhabitants of New Zealand. MetService is operating 24/7 every day of the year to keep you up to date on impending weather so you can make informed decisions and remain safe.