No further spread of carnation fungus found
Investigations reveal no further spread of carnation fungus
No further detections of downy mildew (Peronospora dianthi), a minor disease affecting carnations, have been found following surveys undertaken by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF).
George Gill, MAF’s technical adviser for plant pest management, reported that these results indicated the fungus may have limited spread and that investigations were unable to reveal how the fungus got into the country.
“Downy mildew may have been present in New Zealand for some time, a possible source of entry is imported carnation seeds or tissue culture. To find out we would need to trace the movements of all carnation plants on and off the affected property prior to the detection in October and determine whether these plants were infected.
“Downy mildew has a very limited host range affecting only carnations, Sweet William, and pinks. MAF is satisfied that no further action needs to be taken given that it is a minor pest that can be controlled by fungicide, also because of the likelihood that it is already present in New Zealand,” he said.
During the investigation downy mildew was classified as an unwanted organism. This meant movement controls could be imposed upon the affected property as a means to limit potential spread of the fungus, while MAF conducted further investigations. This classification has now been removed and the grower is able to resume trade in carnations.
MAF’s investigation included surveying 14 properties growing ornamental carnations, an email survey to 40 commercial growers around the country and discussions with the Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Downy mildew produces two spore types one of which is the short lived conidia found on the underside of leaves, the other more resilient oospore can live several years in the soil and is produced internally in rotting leaf tissue. The fungus flourishes in wet/humid conditions and is primarily spread by airborne conidia and/or water splash.
More information on downy mildew is available